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College flews. 

Vol. 6. No. 16. 


Price, 5 Cents. 



It has pleased our Heavenly Father, 
in His infinite wisdom, to remove from us 
by death, on December 28th, 1906, Clara 
Eaton Cummings, Hunnewell Professor 
of Cryptogamic Botany. 

We, therefore, the faculty of Wellesley 
College, her friends and colleagues, desire 
to put upon record our appreciation of her 
character and her work and our sorrow for 
her loss. 

In the death of Miss Cummings, the 
College has lost one who in the various re- 
lations of student, instructor, and professor, 
had been connected with it for thirty 
years. She was earnestly and enthusias- 
tically loyal to the College and to all its 
highest interests, and in her life and in- 
struction was true to those religious ideals 
cherished by the founders. She early 
showed a remarkable aptitude for the 
more delicate kinds of botanical work, and 
gave her attention to the thorough and 
patient investigation of the problems con- 
nected with her specialty,- thus making 
herself a recognized authority in her chosen 
branch. She was indefatigable in her 
zeal for the growth and progress of the 
Department of Botany, and assisted in 
the training of scholars who both in college 
and elsewhere have been an honor to the 

As a teacher, she was the warm friend 
of her students, and aimed at the building 
of character as well as scholarship. To 
her, life meant opportunity for service and 
for keen enjoyment of the beautiful in 
nature and in friendship. And when, in 
these later years, it came to mean suffer- 
ing and disappointment, her spirit was 
still courageous and hopeful. She was 
ever unswerving in her devotion to prin- 
ciple and combined great firmness of pur- 
pose with gentleness of manner and a 
warm hearted nature. These qualities 
of mind and heart won for her the respect 
and affection of her students and her col- 

While we honor her for her scholarly 
attainments, we even more cherish her 
memory as a brave, earnest, affectionate 
Christian woman. 


JAngie Clara Chapin, Chairman, 
Sarah Frances Whiting, 
Charlotte Fitch Roberts, 
Ellen Louise Burrell, 
Anna Jane McKeag, 
Emilie H. J. Barker, 
[ Edith Souther Tufts, 

Ellen Fitz Pendleton. 

The members of the Faculty Science 
Club of Wellesley College desire to put on 
record their deep sense of loss in the death 
of their comrade Professor Clara E. Cum- 

Miss Cummings was one of the charter 
members of the Club and its constant 
supporter, and her international reputa- 
tion as an authority in certain branches of 
Cryptogamic Botany made her name an 
honor to our membership. 

Miss Cummings began her work for the 
extension of botanical knowledge in 1885 
by the publication of a catalogue of North 
American Mosses and Hepaticae as a 
"check and exchange list," and in con- 
nection with this she initiated a system 
for the distribution of exsiccati known as 
Decades of North American Lichens, and 
a second edition under the name of Lichenes 
Boreali-Americani, which' experts consider 
a most valuable contribution to the ex- 
tension of study in these lines. 

During the years 1886-87 sne studied in 
the University of Ziirich under Dr. Arnold 
Dodel, doing private work besides at- 
tending the various lectures on botanical 
subjects and preparing a set of charts for 
the illustration of Cryptogamic Botany. 
Later she made a careful study of the 
botanical gardens of Paris, Brussels, and 
Geneva, with special reference to the 
earlier history of botanical science through 
the work there shown of the great botanists 
August de Candolle, Lamarck, Cuvier, and 
St. Hilaire. Through the aid of some of 
of the university professors at Zurich, she 
brought home a collection of Swiss seeds, 
and for several years the Edelweiss, the 
Alpine poppy, and other Swiss plants grew 
in the little botanical garden by the Farm 
House at Wellesley. After this stay in 
Europe, Miss Cummings constantly ex- 
changed material with foreign professors. 

In a recent presidential address before 
the Iowa Academy of Sciences, by Profes- 
sor Bruce Fink, on "Two Centuries of 
North American Lichenology," Miss Cum- 
mings' name is listed with the half dozen 
foremost contributors of the later period, 
her extensive collecting in New England 
and California is noted, and the large 
amount of work she had done in deter- 
mining species for other collectors. In a 
bibliography appended to this historical 
paper thirteen articles are ascribed to 
Miss Cummings. 

Among these publications, included in 
government and state reports, and the 
proceedings of learned societies, are a list 
of one hundred and forty-six species and 
varieties found growing in Middlesex 
County, Massachusetts, published in 1888; 

of twenty-four species and varieties, with 
notes on their distribution, found by the 
C. Willard Hayes Expedition to the Yukon 
district of Alaska in 1892; twenty-nine 
species collected in Alaska and Nanaimo, 
British Columbia, by Dr. Grace E. Cooley 
in 1 891; a list of six species found by an 
expedition to the Galapagos Islands in 
1895; the lichens of the Blue Hills, Middle- 
sex Fells, and of the entire Reservation of 
the Metropolitan Park Commission in 
1896; a list of twelve species collected in 
the Cape Nome region of Alaska in rgoo; 
a list of thirty-four species collected by the 
Brown-Harvard Expedition to Nachvak, 
Labrador in 1900; the lichens of the State 
of Alabama, all collected since the seven- 
ties, identified by Miss Cummings, and the 
whole catalogue revised by her, published 
in 1 901; the lichens of the Harriman Ex- 
pedition to Alaska, four hundred and 
sixty-two species and varieties, seventy- 
six not before found in Alaska and several 
new species described, a book of one hun- 
dred and fifty pages with plates, rated as 
one of the foremost contributions to rKe 
subject. A large collection made by 
Miss Cummings in Jamaica in 1905, at 
Cinchona, a botanical station sustained 
by the New York Botanical Garden, which 
she expected to yield much of interest, 
had little work done upon it; also a pack- 
age of lichens from the Philippines, sent 
to her from the Department of the Inte- 
rior, is yet at Wellesley. An abstract of 
many of these papers was given to the 
club from time to time, and it has a final 
memory of a delightful evening, March 13, 
1906, when Miss Cummings gave an ac- 
count of her Jamaica trip, illustrated by 
numerous specimens gathered by her. 

That Miss Cummings was not only an 
expert in one department of Botany but 
an all-round naturalist, all were assured 
who tramped with her over the mountains, 
or along the mountain brooks about North 
Woodstock, New Hampshire, or shared 
the marvelous view of the Franconia 
Notch from the veranda of her summer 
home, Swallowfield Cottage. An address 
given before the Appalachian Mountain 
Club at a meeting at North Woodstock, 
July 8, 1899, on the flora of the region of 
the Franconia Mountains, alludes to the 
delights of mountain climbing; to the 
changing colors of the sunsets over the 
notch and of the October foliage on the 
mountain sides. In this paper she dwells 
upon the newer lines in which Botany is 
being pursued by the study of plants in 
relation to each other and to their en- 
vironment — the study of ecology — and 
urges upon the club the taking of photo- 
(Concluded on Page 7.) 


College IFiews. 

Press or N. A. Lindsey 4 Co.. Boston. 

Published weekly. Subscription price, $1.00 a 
year to resident and non-resident. 

All business correspondence should be addressed to 
Miss Florence Plummer, Business Manager College 
News. „. _:. 

All subscriptions should be Bent to Miss lillsa- 
beth Condit. 

Editor-in-Chief, Alice W. Farrar, 1908 

Asbociate Editor, Elizabeth Andrews. 1908 

Literary Editors. 

Leah Curtis. 1908 Estelle E. Littlefield, 1908 

Agnes E. Rothery, 1909 

Alumnae Editor, 

Caroline Fletcher. 

Managing Editors, 

Florence Plummer. 1907 Elisabeth Condit, 1907 

Emma McCarrol, 1908 Anna Brown, 1909 

"Entered as Becond class matter, November 12. 
1903, at the Post Office, at Wellesley, Mass., under 
the Act of Congress, March 3, 1879." 

Each of us is confronted, at least every 
spring, with the question, "What courses 
shall I take next year?" It is a most dif- 
ficult question to decide, and one that 
influences our happiness for the coming 
year. The following editorial, which ap- 
peared in The Independent several years 
ago, is full of practical advice in regard to 
courses of study: 


In our colleges a student learns last what 
he most needed to know first, what studies 
to choose. If the Freshman knew as well 
as the Senior how to learn, and what to 
learn he would waste less time than he 
does. A man entering college is apt to 
select his courses from the catalog in much 
the same way as he chooses his dishes from 
a restaurant bill of fare; ignorant of gas- 
tronomical art, not even knowing the 
meaning of all the names on the menu, he 
chooses by chance, here a dish because it 
is well known, there catching at an at- 
tractive title, listening to the suggestions, 
not always disinterested, of the waiter, 
most of all guided by example and taking 
the same as his companions at the table. 
Consequently an instructor one year finds 
his class overcrowded and rejoices that the 
educational value of his subject is becom- 


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Silk Fob to match, with Gray, Silver 
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Appropriate Gift for College Friends. 

Watches and Jewelry 

pair Spectacles and Eye Glasses. 

INDUCEMENTS — Accuracy and Promptness. 
Two Milesifrom College. 


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posed of shorter and more miscellaneous 
courses, not necessarily related to each 
other or to the major. The two lines of 
work have very distinct aims. The major 
is for training in efficiency, the minor for 
the cultivation of comprehension and 
appreciation. If we use the old saying 
that an educated man is one who knows 
everything of something and something of 
(Concluded on Page 4.) 

ing properly recognized, only to be hu- 
miliated next year to find the tide has 
turned and his lecture room is deserted, 
equally without reason. 

We do not think that the a la carte col- 
lege is, on the whole, inferior or more like- 
ly to cause mental indigestion than the 
table d'hote college, where the same in- 
tellectual food is placed before each in- 
dividual at the dictation of the scholastic 
chef, but it has the obvious disadvantage 
that the Freshman are expected to know 
what no one in the world is wise enough to 
have yet determined — that is, what 
knowledge is of the most value. But be- 
cause nobody can help him much is no 
reason why he should be left entirely un- 
guided. There should be a preparatory 
course on courses, a guide to the curricu- 
lum, an explanation of the educational 
content and status of each subject offered; 
what it is, why it is there, and what benefit 
the student is expected to derive from it. 
It is questionable, however, if the curricu- 
lum of any of our universities is suscepti- 
ble of such a clear and logical explanation 
of form and meaning. ^mr 

In the absence of more thorough and 
competent instruction to the student in 
his choice of electives we venture to offer 
a few suggestions. It is customary to 
divide a student's work into two groups, 
sometimes called his major and minor, 
the former a series of correlated studies 
pursued for several years, the latter com- 

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Estab. 1868 

L. E. COLE.fMgr. 

Gifts for All 



For Men and Women. 

If It's New— We Have It. 


and PRICE. 

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Copy for College News should be in 
the hands of the editors by Friday noon 
of each week. It is desirable that all 
communications be written in ink, rather 
than in pencil, and on one side of the 
sheet only. The departments are in 
charge of the following editors: 
General Correspondence. .Alice W. Farrar 
College Calendar | Elizabeth Andrews 

College Notes ) 

Library Notes ) 

Music Notes ^Estelle E. Littlefield 

Society Notes J 

Free Press ") 

Art Notes \ Leah T. Curtis 

Athletic Notes J 

Parliament of Fools. . .Agnes E. Rothery 

Alumna; Notes Miss Fletcher 

Officers of Student Government 

President Florence F. Besse 

Vice-president Olive Smith 

Secretary Ethel V. Grant 

Treasurer Betsey Baird 

Senior Member Margaret Noyes 

Junior Member Elizabeth Perot 

Sophomore Member. . .Margaret Kennedy 

Office Hours. 
President: Thursday, n. 30-12. 30 P.M. 

Friday, 3.30-3.00 P.M. 

Vice-president : 

Wednesday, 10. 50-11. 35 A.M. 

Thursday, 10. 50-11.35 A.M. 

Saturday, n. 40-12. 30 A.M. 




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Wednesday, February 6, at 4.20, P.M., in Billings Hall, Sym- 
phony Lecture by Professor Macdougall. 

Thursday, February 7, at 7.30, P.M., in College Hall Chapel, 
regular mid-week prayer meeting of the Christian Associ- 

Sunday, February 10, at n, A.M., services in Houghton Me- 
morial Chapel. Sermon by President Henry C. King of 
Oberlin College. 
Day of Prayer for all colleges. 
7, P.M., vespers with address by President Henry C. King, 

Monday, February it, at 7.30, P.M., in College Hall Chapel. 
Miss May Stone of Louisville, Kentucky, Wellesley 1884- 
'86 and Miss Katherine Pettit 'of Lexington, Kentucky, 
will speak on Settlement Work among the Mountain Dwell- 
ers of Hindman, Kentucky. 

Wednesday, February 13, at 4.20, P.M., in Billings Hall, Benefit 
concert for the Edward Macdowell Fund. Recital by 
The Schubert String Quartet of Boston, Mr. C. G. Hamil- 
ton, pianist. 


On January 31, 1907, several members of the College Settle- 
ment Association entertained the Dennison House with a pre- 
sentation of Mrs. Jarley's Wax Works. Miss Helen Cummings 
as Mrs. Jarley displayed her figures with great success. The 
figures were : 

Dancing Girl Esther Watson 

Highland Laddy Emily Shonk 

Indian Miriam Loder 

Buster Brown Margaret Snydam 

Priscilla Lilian Frederick 

John Alden Ethel Scribner 

Sis Hopkins Lillian Griggs 

Mrs. Winslow Margaret Mills 

Jack Sprat Lizbeth Laughton 

Mrs. Sprat Miriam Loder 

Little Nell Adele Gray 

Double Headed Lady Ruth Carpenter, Lilian Frederick 

Prima Donna Lilian Drouet 

On Thursday evening, January 31, a sectional prayer meeting 
was held. The Hill met at Wilder, where Miss Emma Bixby 
led the meeting. Cazenove and Pomeroy met at Cazenove, 
with Miss Alice Appenzeller as leader; Miss Gladys Doten con- 
ducted the meeting at College Hall; Stone Hall' and Simpson 
met at Stone, Miss Elizabeth Green led the meeting. ; Fiske, 
Eliot and the Village met in the Chapel of the Congregational 
Church, Miss Alice Roberts led. The uniform subject was 
"The Habit of Happiness." . 

The Class of 1908 held a prayer meeting in the Student's 
Parlor, College Hall, on' Sunday evening, February 3. Miss 
Edna Hubley led the meeting. 

Miss Helen Cummings, 1908, 'has been appointed Vice-presi- 
dent of the Barnswallow Society to take the place of Miss Willye 
Anderson, who can not return to college on account of illness. 

Miss Helen Hardenbergh, formerly of 1908, visited the college 
last week. 

The second Sunday of the month, February 10, is the date 
set for the Day of Prayer for students, in response to the call 
issued by the General Committee of the World's Student Chris- 

tian Federation. President Henry C. King of Oberlin College 
will speak at the chapel both morning and evening. It is 
hoped that President King will be at leisure some time on Sun- 
day afternoon, the hour to be announced later, to see all mem- 
bers of the college who may wish to meet him. The special 
music ordinarily given at the vesper service on the second 
Sunday of the month will be omitted. 

The dates fixed for the Glee Club concerts are Friday, Feb- 
ruary 22, and Saturday, February 23. Tickets will be sold to 
the Juniors on Monday, February 11, at 9, A.M., and to the 
Sophomores on Monday, February 11, at 1.30, P.M. Every one 
is limited to two tickets and must obtain them in person. 

At a recent meeting of the Faculty Science Club, reports of 
papers given at scientific meetings in New York during the 
Christmas holidays were read. Dr. Bell of the Psychology 
Department reported upon a paper entitled "The Nervous 
System of the Starfish;" Dr. Riddle upon "Quantitative 
Study in Ecology;" Miss Davis of _ the Physics Department 
reported a "Discussion on Cambridge or Saturman Atoms;" 
Professor Hayes reported a paper on " Determentation of the 
Dimension 01 the Spheroid with Corrections. " 

Albert E. Warren, father of Marie J. Warren, 1907, died at 
Geneseo, New York, on January 28, 1907. 


Monday evening, February 11, in College Hall Chapel, Miss 
Katherine R. Pettit and Miss May Stone, Wellesley '89, will 
speak about the work of the "Log Cabin" Settlement at Hind- 
man, Kentucky, where they have for a number of years, devoted 
their lives i;o uplifting and educating the mountaineers of the 
Kentucky wilderness. The story of their struggles and suc- 
cesses is thrilling indeed and is of especial interest to us as 
more than one Wellesley graduate has been connected with 
the settlement, and Miss Antoinette Bigelow, Wellesley '93, is 
there now. After the lecture the members of the College 
Settlements chapter and any who are especially interested 
are cordially invited to meet Miss Pettit and Miss Stone infor- 
mally in the Faculty Parlor. 



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EDITORIAL— Continued. 

everything, the major group of studies is intended to accom- 
plish the first part of the complete education and the minors 
the second. The first is intensive education, and the second 
is extensive. The first must be thorough and the second 
should be comprehensive. 

The following rule may be of some assistance in deciding what 
studies are to be chosen in these two classes : 

For major, choose the study you like most. 

For minors, choose the studies you like least. 

If this formula were printed on the blanks on which the stu- 
dent registers his elections it would save many a blunder of life- 
long consequences. Since capacity is rather closely connected 
with inclination, and one generally likes best to do what he can 
do best, this is almost equivalent to saying that the major should 
be the easiest course in the curriculum and the minors the 

The student's choice of his major study, the piece de resistance 
of his college course, is somewhat restricted. Nowadays it is 
usually a more or less direct preparation for his life work. Even 
when it has no utilitarian application it is considered to have 
failed of its purpose unless it is carried far enough and thoroughly 
enough to result in productive scholarship. Its aim in either 
case is efficiency, the power of doing some one thing well. The 
minor studies may be mere accomplishments, but the major 
must result in an accomplishment. This requires natural ability 
as well as training, so the major is easily decided upon if the 
student has a marked talent. If he has not, it does not matter 
so much what he chooses. 

The major course having been fixed upon, it is easy to select 
the minors, for these should be as different as possible from the 
first. The major makes the specialist, the minors make the man. 
The object of the one is strength, proficiency; of the other, sym- 
metry. The minor must be antipodal if it is to balance the 
major. The minor should be the complementary color in the 
educational spectrum which, fused with the major, gives the 
white light of knowledge. 

When you report to your gymnasium instructor, he tests you 
and then prescribes for you exercises which develop your weak- 
est muscles. That is, if the instructor has your interest at heart. 
If, as many of them do, he aims at high inter-collegiate records, 
he reverses this policy and gives you the exercises which you can 
best do, and which, therefore, you least need. What you should 
desire is not to break records, but to develop the body. If your 
legs are strong, use your arms. If you enter a gymnasium with- 
out an instructor, you would not be far wrong if you should try 
all the apparatus and then stick to those that hurt. 

The same rule applies in intellectual training. If you hate 
mathematics it is a sign that your logical faculty needs devel- 
oping. Not to study it would be to have an idiotic area in your 
brain. A disused muscle or organ is liable to become diseased. 
A disused mental faculty likewise becomes the seat of mental dis- 
eases — bigotry, superstition and intolerance. 

If your main studies are practical, your subsidiary studies 
should be the opposite. If you do special work in physics, study 
also metaphysics. Balance the concrete with the abstract, the 
utilitarian with the artistic, the modern with the ancient. If 
you take a literary course, put in plenty of such studies as 
the sciences where fact outweighs form. Many a literary man 
has devoted himself so exclusively to acquiring skill in ex- 
pression that he has f'^und, too late, that he has nothing to ex- 
press. If you are fond of history or of literature you will not 
need to do much with them in college, unless they constitute 
your major, because you will from natural inclination keep up 
your reading in them sufficiently in after life to be well informed. 
The college is to do for you what you cannot do for yourself. 
The practice of electing one's antipathies has a moral value as 
well. Always doing what you like is as injurious as always doing 
what you dislike. 


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One evening, week before last, when untrodden snow made 
travel difficult, a sleigh heavily loaded with express boxes was 
making its way up one of the hills on the college grounds. The 
horse that drew the sleigh was apparently of rather light build 
and scarcely equal to his task. The natural difficulties of the 
situation were greatly increased by two young women who were 
mounted among the boxes, apparently unconscious of the 
trouble that they were making both to the overladen horse and 
to the young driver who was liable to reprimand on account of 
this misuse of his employer's property. Twice on the way up 
the hill the horse was compelled to stop for rest, starting again 
only with painful effort, but still the pleasure-seeking occupants 
of the sleigh kept their places and continued on their way. 
This was all pure thoughtlessness of course, but can we not 
unite in helping one another to desist from putting undue strain 
upon the muscles and nerves of living creatures, for the sake of 
fun? C. 


I used to read a child's book called "Stories of Fish and 
Shells." One story, particularly, I have always remembered 
about a strange fish which protected himself from larger ones by 
being able to change the color of the water about him — if he 
were over a sandy bottom the water would be turned a light 
yellowish color, if over dark weeds or mud, it would be greenish 
or inky. Now, with humble apologies for the simili, it seems to 
me that many of us are apt to make and change our opinions in 
about the same way as this fish changes the color of his pro- 
tection. For instance, it is a common saying that "those who 
sit on the fence" often decide the carrying or the losing of a vote. 
Their opinions are often given after a moment's thought or a 
passing phrase. If another person had happened to speak on 
the other side of the question the voter would probably have 
taken the opposite stand — she would have chosen, merely, the 
color of the other side. Again, some girls follow blindly after 
the precedent color, if I may so term it, and others are so unable 
to decide that they agree with first one girl and then another 
and have therefore no definite stand of their own. Certainly a 
person is weak who will "change color" on the slightest provo- 
cation or influence. Let us be strong and think for ourselves! 


Reserved Books and their Users! Here is a text for a little 
homily that perhaps is timely just now. In the first place, there 
are two classes of people who read reserved books — the unself- 
ish and the selfish. The former we leave to their own reward, 
as this column seems to taboo the elect, the latter, however, we 
most deeply condemn. They have a characteristic habit of 
finding it convenient and profitable to take two, three or four of 
these reserved volumes for an evening's leisurely perusal. They 
retire craftily to a secluded alcove where other co-workers are 
not likely to find them and then they begin with the bold inten- 
tion of reading all the books in their possession. At a quarter 
after nine, a bell tinkles, a watchman and lantern appear, and 
(Concluded on Page 5.) _,_j 


(Continued from Page 4.) 


our selfish friend finds that she has accomplished only a part of 
her task. Does she ever think of the poor individuals who 
would have almost sold their birthright for those other un- 
touched volumes? 

College girls are often indignant when people from the out- 
side world accuse them of doing things in college which they 
would never dream of doing in their own homes. They think it 
is unjust when they are told that they are becoming impolite, 
rude and thoughtless, but if you will put yourself outside of 
college life for a few minutes, you will see that these accusations 
are not groundless, but that you have gradually established 
many habits which are both rude and thoughtless. One of the 
most glaring and one of the commonest of these habits is our 
lack of respect for the privacy of others. Again and again we 
see busy-signs disregarded, again and again we see girls inter- 
rupted when they are studying, and all this without the shadow 
of an apology. If we do not consider this rude our sense of 
politeness has already become blunted, and it is high time to 
start a reform. It is only with a distinct loss of delicacy that 
such a thing is possible, and that is a loss that is irreparable. 



I once heard an alumna who was here in the very early days 
of Wellesley remark that the girls then took a great interest and 
pride in the acquisitions both inside the buildings and on the 
Campus. "I well remember," she said, "when the series of 
pictures of the Sistine Madonna were hung by the Chapel door. 
It was a great event in our lives here, both on account of the 
addition to our College Beautiful and on account of the pleasure 
that it would be to see these pictures every day of the academic 
year. Another time, I remember, there was great delight and 
satisfaction among us when the copper birches were set out near 
the East Lodge." 

The words raised some questions in my mind — Had I ever 
really appreciated these facts? Had I ever observed the pic- 
tures and casts that surround us? Had I ever noted carefully 
particular features of the Campus? 

Have you? 


Since the last Student Government meeting, there has been 
considerable disconnected talk about the proposed amendment 
to the constitution. It is very evident that we hardly know 
what we do think about it. We consider it a moment and 
decide that perhaps it would be a good change, for so-and-so 
seems to favor it; but are we seriously taking into account the 
other sides of the question? 

Every Wellesley girl loves her quiet Sunday, and it has been 
suggested that opening the evening would be the first 
step toward an open Sunday. This may seem over- 
anxious, still the new measure would necessarily change the 
atmosphere of the evening and there would probably be a 
tendency gradually to open the rest of the day. The incoming 
classes, not accustomed to the college ways and ideals, might 
think it foolish to restrict the privilege of entertaining men to 
Sunday evening. If it is all right then, why not at other times? 

Well, just to consider the evening, — Sunday is one of the best 
days for men to come out, so naturally, there would be a larger 

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number than on week days. We all know the inconveniences 
of entertaining a man in one corner of a room, while couples in 
the other three corners are apparently enjoying the effect of the 
conversation. After vespers one open Sunday, a man, leaving 
College Hall, was heard to remark: "I can see now why you 
Wellesley girls don't have open Sunday — it's so uncomfortable 
for the men ! " 

Then it is the small minority who are really causing this 
change. Why should nine hundred and fifty girls be disturbed 
Sunday evenings, or why should they be deprived of the general 
use of their houses for class prayer meetings and so forth, for 
say two hundred ? Do we not want rules for the student body 
as a whole — for the majority? 

Furthermore, it is no more than courteous to regard Mrs. 
Durant's wishes in the matter. 

These are a few suggestions for the side about which we do 
not hear so much. Surely, we do not want to take such a seri- 
ous step without thoroughly considering all its phases. 

Frances L. Taft, 1909. 



High Grade Furs, 

3 €> -4 Boylston Street. 

Special Discount to Students. 


fiOc and 6()c per lb. 

416 Washington St., (4th door North of Summer St.) 


Daily Papers, Periodicals, 

Stationery, Etc. 


Waban Block, Wellesley Sq. 


Taylor Block, Wellesley, Mass. 

Office formerly occupied by Dr. E. E. Henry 

Office Hours 9-5 Tel. Connection 

Pianos for Rent. 

SPECIALTY: A small piano with 
a big tone. This piano is used 
extensively by Yale students. 


Clark's Block, - - Natick 


Wellesley Square, Wellesley, Mass. 

Art Pictures, Metal frames, framing, Photo Mailers, 


Teco Pottery. Plaster Casts, College Seals. 

Telephone. WfflEStEY SOUVENIR P0STA1S. 


33 Fulton Street, Cor. Cross, 


Telephone, 207 Richmond. 


Boots and Shoes 


Wellesley Square, Wellesley, Mass. 



61 Shampooing, Tacial Treatment, 

£ Scalp Treatment, Manicuring, 

Hair Dressing, Chiropody. 


Miss Ruth Hodgkins, Manager. 

Mrs. Mabel Abbott, Assistant. 

Picture Framer, 

515 Pierce Building, Copley Square, Boston. 

Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays, 9 to 5. 
May I assist you in your Picture Work? 

The Norman Tea .Room. 




Suite i, The Norman, 

Welleislcy Square, 


This column will contain items concerning Alumnae, former 
students, and past and present members of the Faculty. Other 
items will occasionally be added which are thought to be of es- 
pecial interest to the readers of the Alumnae Notes. 

Miss Cornelia H. B. Rogers, whose recent death is noted else- 
where was a graduate of Wellesley of the year 1884. She 
studied in Italy and Spain during 1887-88; from 1891 to 1896 
she was an instructor in Adelphi Academy, Brooklyn, New York, 
meanwhile working for her doctor's degree, which she received 
from Yale in 1894. In 1896 she accepted the position of in- 
structor at Vassar, in the Department of Romance Languages, 
and in 1902 was made associate professor, a position which 
she held until her death. 

Mrs. Ethel Stanwood Bolton, 1894, whose edition of "Top- 
liff's Travels" was brought out in 1906, has also recently 
published a book entitled "Clement Topliff and his Descendants 
in Boston." 

Miss Alice R. Lawson, 1904, is teacher of ancient and modern 
languages in Lowville Academy, Lowville, New York. Miss 
Eunice E. Perry, 1882-83, is Preceptress in the same institution. 

Miss Mary A. Carson, 1906, has been putting Domestic 
Science to a practical ttse in the management of the Woodlawn 
Inn, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, for the last six months. Since 
the New Year she has been teaching in the grammar school 
of that town. 

Miss Marion E. Potter, 1904, is for the second year teaching 
in Aurora, New York, and has added the Iliad to her teaching 
schedule. Her address is The Wells School, Aurora on Cayuga 
New York. 


Miss Josephine L, Hayward, 1898, to Mr. Henry B. Wright, 
Instructor in Yale University. 

Miss Nell G. Carey, 1906, to Mr. Paul Pritchard Blackburn, 

U. S. N. 


December 24, 1906, at Ahmednagar, India, Mrs. Ruby Har- 
ding Fairbank, 1878-81, wife of Rev. Henry Fairbank of the 
Marathi Mission. 

January 23, 1907, at Poughkeepsie, New York, Cornelia H, 
B. Rogers, 1884. 

January 24, 1907, at Seattle, Washington, Mrs. Alice Jones 
Towne, 1883. 

January 28, 1907, in Concord, New Hampshire, Elizabeth 
Cyrene Emery, 1882-85. 


Tremont — Henrietta Crossman in " All-of-a-Sudden Peggy. 
Hollis — William Faversham in "The Squaw Man." 
Boston — Ben Hur. 
Majestic — Mrs. Fiske in "The New York Idea." 



Wellesley, Opp. Railroad Station, 

Orders by mail or otherwise promptly attended to. 
Connected by Telephone. 

John A. Morgan & Co. 

Shattuck Building, 


"The Taste Telia." 



Choice Meats and Provisions, 

Washington St., Wellesley. 

Plumbing and Heating. 

Hardware, Skates and Hock- 
eys, Curtain Rods and Fixtures, 
Cutlery and Fancy Hardware, 
Kitchen Furnishings for the 
Club Houses. 

James Korntved, 

Ladies' and Gent's Custom Tailor 

Special attention paid to Pressing 
and Cleaning. 

Hot Chocolate 

with Whipped Cream — the entirely 
different kind — served at our fountain 
for sc. 

Coffee, Beef Tea, Asparoz, Malted 
Milk, Ginger, Tomato, Clam Bouillon 
— all served hot in porcelain mugs, sc 

Sexton's Pharmacy. 


(Continued from Page i.) 


graphs of trees and plants, accompanied with suitable notes 
to furnish material for later study. 

A friend who with her son accompanied her in her California 
collecting expeditions says that the boy got his first vivid im- 
pressions of scientific research from Miss Cummings. She 
further recalls an expedition to a locality which was said to 
be the exclusive habitat of a very rare lichen. They were pre- 
paring for the camp luncheon and some of the party were 
placing a seat in a convenient place, when Miss Cummings 
excitedly stopped them saying right there "I have just spied 
the lichen I came to California to see." "It looked like a 
little grease spot to us," the narrator adds. 

By this survey of the scientific work of our comrade, carried 
on amid a full program of teaching and in later years with 
great physical limitations, we recognize that spirit of devo- 
tion to the work of the scholar, which emphasizes the loss 
which the Science Faculty of Wellesley College has sustained. 

Sarah F. Whiting, 
William H. Niles, 
Marion E. Hubbard. 

Bibliography of Professor Cummings' Publications. 

1885. Catalogue of Musci and Hepaticae of North America, 
north of Mexico. 

1888. The Lichens in the Flora of Middlesex County, Massa- 

1892. The Cryptogams of the C. Willard Hayes Expedition 
to the Yukon District, Alaska. National Geographic Magazine, 

1892. The Mosses and Lichens collected by Miss Grace E. 
Cooley in Alaska and Nanaimo, B. C. Bulletin Torrey Botanical 
Club, 19:247. 

1895. The Lichens of the Baur collections in the Galapagos 
Islands. American Journal, 50:145. 

1896. Flora of the Blue Hills, Middlesex Fells, Stony Brook, 
and Beaver Brook Reservations of the Metropolitan Commission 
of Massachusetts. Lichens, p. 133. 

1898. A review of Schneider's Text-book of Lichenology. 
Botanical Gazette, 25:284. 

1901. Lichens of the Cape Nome and Norton Bay Regions of 
Alaska. Department of tl._ Interior. U. S. Geological Survey 

1 901. Alabama Lichens. 
Life of Alabama, p. 263. 

1902. Lichens of the 
Nachvak, Labrador. Bulletin 
Society of Philadelphia. 

1902. Science. 15:408. Notes on new species of Lichens. 
1904. The Lichens of Alaska. Harriman Alaska Expedi 
tion, Botany, pp. 67-149. Plates. 

U. S. National Herbarium, Plant 

Brown-Harvard Expedition to 
Vol. 3, No. 4, Geographical 


The "Cambridge Chronicle" of January 26 contains an ac- 
count of a recent celebration held at the Shepard Memorial 
Church in Cambridge, in honor of Rev. Dr. Alexander McKen- 
zie. Dr. McKenzie has been connected with Wellesley College 
since 1883 as a member of the board of trustees. After long 
and faithful service on this board, first as a member and then 
as president, he became president emeritus, which position he 
now holds. This is one of the many offices which Dr. McKenzie 
has so honorably filled, for he has been connected with Yale, 
Harvard, Amherst and the city of Cambridge in various 
influential ways. The presence of many men, prominent in 
che world of education and thought, and the lively interest 
which the general public displayed on this occasion, testified 
convincingly to the eminence and influence of Dr. McKenzie. 
President Eliot, Rev. Dr. Ruen Thomas, Rev. Dr. Crothers, 



Will convince you that we have what you want. 

HALL & HANCOCK CO., 420 Washington Street, Boston. 

Mayor Wardwell and many other distinguished men were pres- 
ent to pay their respects to a man whom we are proud to think 
is connected, and has been for so long a time in close contact 
with our college. 

Call for the Observance of the Universal Day of 
Prayer for Students. 

The General Committee of the World's Student Christian 
Federation appoints February 10, 1907, as the Universal Day of 
Prayer for Students, and invites members and friends of Chris- 
tian societies of students in all lands to unite in its observance. 
The Committee issuing this Call is composed of the authorized 
representatives of the Christian student movements of Great 
Britain, Germany, France, Holland, Switzerland, Scandinavia, 
North America, Australasia, South Africa, Japan, China, India, 
Ceylon, and of countries without national student organizations. 
These movements now embrace two thousand Christian stu- 
dent unions or associations, with a membership of one hundred 
and thirteen thousand students and professors. Year by year 
an increasing number of student communities unite in observing 
this Day of Prayer for Students. 

This year there is greater need than ever of intercession on 
behalf of students. Their numbers continue to increase in all 
parts of the world They are becoming more and more accessi- 
ble to Christian effort and influence. The conditions in nearly 
every land favor a much more thorough cultivation of the stu- 
dent field. In the Far East, in Latin America, and in Russia 
the opportunity is such as to constitute a crisis. The student 
movements have not only larger opportunities, but also greater 
prestige and resources than at any other time. They are also 
beset with greater perils incident to growing power and populari- 
ty. Without doubt the present is the time of times to 
carry forward in the might of the Spirit of God the work of Christ 
among students. All this is a summons to prayer on their behalf. 

May the boundless possibilities of intercession as suggested by 
the words of our Lord, "Whatsoever ye shall ask in my name 
that will I do," move all who read this Call to such self-denying 
and persevering effort to promote the wide and faithful observ- 
ance of the Day of Prayer chat the effects will be felt through- 
out the world. 

On Behalf of the General Committee of the World's Student 
Christian Federation. 

Karl Fries, Chairman, 

John R. Mott, General Secretary. 



Oh the " Klang in relation 

To the scale formation" 

Is weird and perplexing and tough! 

Oh wide exposition 

Of the proposition! 

And still you don't know enough! 

Then the "half tone chromatic" 

Is extremely erratic 

When you hunt for its place on the Klang. 

The "half tone diatonic" 

Is almost ironic 

It seems something that never was "sang. 

I fear that I never 

Will attain my endeavor 

To understand musical strains, 

For the fourth and fifth octaves 

Have just simply knocked halves 

Of musical thought from my brains! 

I suppose that at Mid-years 

Our long cherished hid fears 

Will justified be, but too late 

To soften the pang 

That the "Scale" and the "Klang" 

Made, in Musical Theory 8. 

M., '09. 



On Monday evening, February 4, 1907, at 7.30, P.M. in 
Billings Hall, a concert was given by the Faculty of the De- 
partment of Music. 


t. Concert Sonata in E minor, 

Francesco M. Veracini (1685-1750) 
Ritornello, Largo 
Allegro con fuoco 

Gavotta, Allegro 
Gigue, Presto 

2. Canzonetta, from Concerto Romantique, Op. 35 

Benjamin Godard (1849-1895) 

Air on the G string J. S. Bach (1635-1750) 

Perpetuum mobile, Op. 34 Franz Ries (1S46- ) 

3. Concerto in D minor, Op. 22.. . Henri Wieniawski (1835-1880) 
Allegro moderato 


Finale a la Zingara 
Mr. Albert V. Foster, Violinist; Mr. C. G. Hamilton, Accom- 

On Wednesday afternoon in Billings Hall, at 4.20, P.M., 
there will be a lecture by Professor Macdougall in anticipation 
of the Symphony Concert, February 9, 1907. Following is the 
Concert Program: 

Paul Dukas — "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" 
Tschaikowsky — Concerto for Piano, No. 1 
Edg. Tinel — Three Symphonic Tone-Pictures on Corneille's 
Tragedy, "Poliencte." (First time in Boston) 
Soloist — Mme. Olga Samaroff. 

On Wednesday afternoon, February 13, 1907, at 4.20, P.M., 
a Benefit Concert for the Macdowell Fund will be given in Billings 
Hall. A notice of this, giving the necessary information in 
regard to tickets, etc., was given in the last copy of College 
News. Following is the concert program: 

I. Quartet — E flat major Carl von Dittersdorf 

1 . Allegro 
2. Andante 

3. Minuetto, non troppo presto 
4. Finale. Allegro Vivac 

Piano Solo— Prelude Macdowell 

By Moonlight from First Suite. 

Quartet — G minor Edward Grieg, Op. 27 

1. Un poco Andante, Allegro molto agitato 
2. Romanza, Andantino Allegro agitato 
3. Intermezzo, Allegro molto marcato 
4. Finale, Lento, Presto al Satterello 
The Schubert String Quartet. 

Pianist, Mr. Clarence G. Hamilton. 




Dr. Rufus Richardson, formerly Director of the American 
School at Athens, lectured on Monday evening, January 28, 
about "Excavations at Mycenae and Crete." Dr. Richardson 
made a summary of the discoveries at these places, most of 
which were made by Schliemann, an inaccurate archaeologist. 
In the graves at Mycenae were found a great many articles of 
intrinsic worth, such as diadems and solid gold and silver cups. 
At Crete, the most interesting discoveries were those made at 
the palace of Knossos. 

Slides were shown of everything Dr. Richardson mentioned. 
A particularly illuminating one was that of the throne room at 
the palace of Knossos. The throne itself is shown, with a back 
like an oak leaf, and an oval stone supporting the seat in front. 
Other slides were more or less familiar to even such archaeologists 

This space reserved for A. Shuman 

as we have here among the students in college. The method of 
ventilation in use among the Greeks was shown, and the bed- 
rooms, in which the couches were put in alcoves opening out of 
the rooms proper. 

Dr. Richardson was at times hard to follow, because of his 
great wealth of material and the size of his subject. It will 
be remembered that Dr. Richardson was here three years ago. 
I. N. R. 


On March 1 5th in Brattle Hall, Cambridge, and on March 1 6th 
in Potter Hall, Boston, the Deutsche Verein of Harvard Uni- 
versity will give their tenth annual play, "Der Steckbrief," by 
Roderich Benedix. 

Applications for tickets should be sent before March first to 
F. G. Cheney, Box 51, Cambridge. After March first, tickets 
may be obtained at the Harvard Co-operative, Cambridge, and 
at Kockler's, 149a Tremont street, and Herrick's, Boston. 
Prices, $1.00 and $1.50. 


Exhibitions now open 
St. Botolph Club. 
Boston Art Club. 
Rowland's Galleries. 
Vose's Galleries. 
Doll & Richards'. 

Williams & Everett's. 
Hatfield's Galleries. 
Kimball's Galleries. 

in Boston: 

Mr. Murphy's Pictures. 
Seventy-fifth Exhibition. 
Mr. Caliga's Paintings. 
Ideal Figure Pictures. 
Mr. Coleman's Paintings. 
Miss Hyde's Color Prints. 
Mr. Pope's Portraits. 
Japanese Prints. 
Japanese Prints. 

After Examinations 



Extra Service Afternoons During Mid-years.